As a result of the Qumran discoveries it is now no longer necessary to assign the Second Epistle of Peter to a date in the middle of the second century A.D., as has long been maintained by critical scholars.* The closeness of its phraseology and thought to that of the Essenes and similar sects which flourished at the beginning of the Christian era indicates quite clearly that the Epistle proceeded strictly from a Palestinian Jewish milieu. Indeed, the emphasis upon the true way, light in the midst of darkness, brotherly love, true and false teachers, and the destruction of the world by fire, is distinctly reminiscent of the Qumran writings, and shows little if any contact with Hellenistic thought.
* E.g., A. S. Peake, A Critical Introduction to the New Testament (1910), p. 99.; F. B. Clogg, An Introduction to the New Testament (1937), p. 172.; R. Heard, An Introduction to the New Testament (1950), p. 219.; A. H. McNeile, An Introduction to the Study of the New Testament (1955 ed.), pp. 247 ff.