Could/Did Moses write? | Έγραψε ο Μωυσής;

The critics reiterate the statement that it is not said In the Pentateuch that Moses wrote any of it except the curse on Amalek, the Ten Commandments and certain other portions, as if this were an unanswerable argument against the Mosaic authorship of the Law. Is one to allege, then, that Hammurabi cannot be called the author of the code named after him, unless, forsooth, he inscribed it with his own hand? And yet the monument expressly ascribes itself to Hammurabi in the words of the epilogue (Col. xh. 59-67). “In the days that are yet to come, for all future times, may the king who is in the land observe the words of righteousness which I have written upon my monument.” Or, is Sennacherib not to be called the author of Cylinder No. 103.000, unless he himself inscribed it? Yet it begins with his name and titles and is full of his words and deeds recorded in the first person, singular number. “I fashioned a memorial tablet,” “I set it up,” “I flayed Kirua,” “I sent my troops.” It is all I, I, I, my, my, my, from beginning to end; and yet, it is certain that he never wrote a word of it with his own hand. Or, is Darius Hystaspis not the author of the Behistun Inscription, whose sentences are largely in the third person and of which nearly every section begins with “Thus saith Darius the king”? What a subject for the painter’s brush! Darius, the Persian Achaemenid, king of Babylon and of the lands, king of Upper and Lower Egypt, sitting on a scaffolding, his chisel in his left hand and his mallet in his right, cutting into the imperishable rock the record of his achievements by the grace of Ahuramazda! And how about Thothmes I and III, and Rameses II, III and XIII, and Shishak, and Tiglath-Pileser I and III, and Nebuchadnezzar I and II, and others, whose numerous and lengthy records have been preserved? Are we to suppose that Moses cannot have recorded his thoughts and words and deeds just in the same way that his predecessors, contemporaries, and successors, did?

Robert Dick Wilson, A Scientific Investigation of the Old Testament, pp. 24, 25.

Για τους Έλληνες αναγνώστες του ιστολογίου αυτό το κομμάτι υπάρχει μεταφρασμένο στο δείγμα της μετάφρασής μου, του βιβλίου, που μπορεί να βρεθεί εδώ:

How possible is it to overlook the prophetic movement that permeated ancient Israel and the Old Testament? / Είναι δυνατόν να παραβλέψουμε το προφητικό κίνημα που διαπότισε τον αρχαίο Ισραήλ και την Παλαιά Διαθήκη;

Many people, mostly atheists, deny the prophesies of the Bible. There are many arguments supporting the reality of the prophesies, amply presented by many able men. I will add one more, in the words of the illustrious Robert Dick Wilson. He writes:

Those who would adequately explain the prophetic movement must ac­count for at least three factors.

  1. The psychological fact of the prophets’ con­viction that Cod had actually spoken to them;
  2. the continuity of the move­ment, consisting of men who lived over a period of several hundred years, all believing that God had spoken to them and,
  3. the teleological trend of the predictions (Messianic prophecy).

In all the nations of antiquity there is no real parallel to the prophetic movement (This last statement is corroborated by Professor R. K Harison who states: …the messianic concept of the Hebrews… has no proper counterpart in ancient Near Eastern culture. R. K. Harrison, Introduction to the Old Testament, p. 480).


In other words, if we accept that these men were mentally ill, we have to face a very bizarre fact. That the Hebrews and only them, produced mentally ill men, for a very long time, with the one and same conviction (that they were God’s spokesmen), and all of them proclaimed the same message.

That “fact” demands a lot of faith to believe it… Therefore, atheists are far from unbelievers…

Πολλοί άνθρωποι, κυρίως αθεϊστές, αρνούνται τις προφητείες της Βίβλου. Υπάρχουν πολλά επιχειρήματα που υποστηρίζουν την πραγματικότητα των προφητειών, που έχουν παρουσιαστεί επαρκέστατα από πολλούς ικανούς ανθρώπους. Θα προσθέσω ένα ακόμη, με τα λόγια του επιφανούς Robert Dick Wilson. Γράφει:

Οποιοσδήποτε εξηγήσει ικανοποιητικά το προφητικό κίνημα, θα πρέπει να εξηγήσει τουλάχιστον τρεις παράγοντες.

  1. Tο ψυχολογικό δεδομένο της πεποίθησης των προφητών ότι ο Θεός πράγματι τους μίλησε·
  2. τη συνέχεια του κινήματος, το οποίο αποτελούνταν από ανθρώπους οι οποίοι έζησαν κατά τη διάρκεια μιας περιόδου εκατοντάδων ετών, πιστεύοντας όλοι τους ότι ο Θεός τους μίλησε και,
  3. την τελεολογική ροπή των προβλέψεων (Μεσσιανική προφητεία).

Μεταξύ όλων των εθνών της αρχαιότητας, δεν υπάρχει πραγματικό παράλληλο του προφητικού κινήματος (Αυτή η τελευταία πρόταση επιβεβαιώνεται από τον καθηγητή R. K Harison ο οποίος γράφει: …η μεσσιανική αντίληψη των Εβραίων… δεν έχει αντίστοιχο στον πολιτισμό της αρχαίας Εγγύς ΑνατολήςR. K. Harrison, Introduction to the Old Testament, σελ. 480).


Με άλλα λόγια, αν δεχτούμε ότι αυτοί οι άνθρωποι ήταν πνευματικά άρρωστοι, ερχόμαστε αντιμέτωποι με ένα πολύ περίεργο γεγονός. Ότι οι Εβραίοι και μόνο αυτοί, παρήγαγαν πνευματικά άρρωστους ανθρώπους, με την αυτή πεποίθηση (ότι ήταν αντιπρόσωποι του Θεού), και όλοι τους μετέδιδαν το ίδιο άγγελμα.

Αυτό το «γεγονός» απαιτεί πολύ πίστη για να το πιστέψεις… Συνεπώς, οι άθεοι σίγουρα δεν είναι άπιστοι…

Robert Dick Wilson, A Scientific Investigation of the Old Testament, σελ. 160.